Explore the land of Balouchs!!


Dera Ghazi Khan.


The region has a sound and marvellous history from the ancient time to modern era!!

Dera Ghazi Khan was founded in 1494 by one of the Balouch Sardar Haji Khan Mirrani who was a powerful Baloch chieftain. He named this city as the name of his son Ghazi Khan. This city has various historical, religious and tour places. Most well known are “Fort Minro” and “Sakhi Sarwar”. DG Khan District is tucked between River Indus on the left side and Koh-e-Suleman 10,000 feet high on the right. Dera Ghazi Khan is located at 30’03” N and 70’38” E. The overall climate of the city is dry with little rainfall. 

The district of Dera Ghazi Khan is bounded on the north by Dera Ismail Khan District of KPK and its adjoining Tribal area. On the west by Musa Khel and Barkhan district of Balochistan province. On the south by Rajanpur district and on east Muzaffargarh and Layyah separating the latter two districts by river Indus. The city was founded at the end of the 15th Century and named after Nawab Ghazi Khan Mirrani, son of Nawab Haji Khan Mirrani, a Balochi chieftain, who had declared independence from the Langhah Dynasty Sultans of Multan. Together with two other Deras settlements, Dera Ismail Khan and Dera Fateh Khan, it gave its name to Derajat. Derajat eventually came into the possession of the British after the Sikh War in 1849 and was divided into two districts: Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan. In 1908, the old city was destroyed due to flash floods from heavy rains overflowing the River Indus. The present city was established in 1910. The city was divided into different blocks. The British established colonial system in the sub-continent and declared Dera Ghazi Khan as district in the year 1849. General Courtland was appointed as first Deputy Commissioner of this District.



A splendid modal of ancient architecture, octagonal Ghazi Khan tomb had been built with baked tiles. Walls decorated with Mosaic work in traditional blue colours.

The Tomb of Ghazi Khan was built in the beginning of 15th century. In it there are 11 graves, which are of the family of Ghazi Khan. There are 28 ladders from northern side in the internal side.  The tomb is a  splendid modal of ancient architecture. Octagonal  pattern Ghazi Khan tomb had been built with baked tiles. Mosaic work in traditional blue colours also had been done on its walls both on exterior and interior sides. Inside Quranic verses had been engraved on arches in calligraphic work, which shows skills and creativeness of the artists of the period. The exterior of the tomb is decorated with beautiful enamelled glazed tiles in blue and Persian blue colours with geometrical and floral patterns. 

Cemeteries of the British era 

There are three Cemeteries of the British era in Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur.

The first cemetery had been established in the old Dera Ghazi Khan city in 1850 near Mauza Darahma which is not traceable now. The second cemetery is opposite the Central Jail in the northern side of the Canal Colony. Among the graves are those of British officers – Henry Rosber (the PWD assistant engineer who died on May 6, 1887), Thomas Leich Prescort (died Aug 1895), Harry James Eldridge (an executive engineer who died on June 21, 1906), John Amber cromby (who died in 1885) and Arthur Sandman Stephen (a young assistant commissioner of Rajanpur who died in March 1898). The third cemetery is located at Fort Munro, has only five graves, 


Sakhi Sarwar- The Last Resting Place of Syed Ahmed Sultan

Syed Ahmad was son of Hazrat Syed Zainul. He belonged to the family of Hazrat Ali (RA), the fourth Caliph of Islam, cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWW). His father migrated from Baghdad and settled in Shah Kot near Multan in 1126 AD. The tomb of Hazrat Sakhi Sarwar was built in the 13th century in Koh-e-Sulaiman range. Later, Mughal emperor Zahir-ud-din Babar renovated it in his era. It is unique picture of Mughal architecture. Thousands of devotees from across the country paid respect to Hazrat Syed Ahmad Sultan

Fort Munro is not only a geological marvel but an open air museum of Paleontology

The Fort Munro hill station, standing at a height of 6,470 above sea level, is part of the Sulaiman Range and one of the few places in Punjab which receives snowfall every now and then. It connects Punjab with Balochistan and was originally known as ‘Anari Mol’ (Hilltop with pomegranates in the Balochi language).  Source: DAWN, published on 03 Dec, 2014

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